Growing share say situation of U.S. Hispanics is worsening
About half (54%) of Hispanics say they are confident about their place in America after Trump's election while four-in-ten Hispanics (41%) say they have serious concerns about their place in America.
Hispanics who do not hold U.S. citizenship and do not hold a green card - a group likely to be in the country without authorization - are more likely than the U.S. born and other immigrants to express concern.1 Among likely unauthorized immigrants, 55% say they have serious concerns about their place in the country after Trump's election. Meanwhile, 38% of U.S.-born Hispanics and 34% of Hispanic immigrants who are U.S. citizens say they have serious concerns about their place in America. And among Hispanic immigrants who are lawful permanent residents, 49% say the same.
When it comes to progress for Hispanics as a group in the U.S., Hispanics are divided. Half (49%) say the situation of U.S. Hispanics today is about the same as it was a year ago, while 32% say it has worsened and 16% say their group's situation has improved.
But the share of Hispanics that see the state of U.S. Hispanics worsening has grown in recent years. For example, the share today that says the group's situation has worsened is about double the share that said the same in 2013 (15%). At the same time, the share that says the situation of U.S. Hispanics is about the same compared with a year ago is down from 58% in 2013. And the share that says the group's situation is better than a year ago is down from 25% in 2013.
Among Hispanics, a growing share of many key subgroups say that the state of U.S. Hispanics has deteriorated. For example, 42% of Hispanic immigrants who do not hold U.S. citizenship and do not hold a green card today say that the situation of U.S. Hispanics has worsened in the past year, up from 24% who said the same in 2014. Some 38% of Hispanic immigrants who hold U.S. citizenship say this today, up from 21% who said the same in 2014. And 29% of U.S.-born Hispanics say that Hispanics are worse off today than one year ago, up from 17% in 2014. By comparison, Hispanic immigrants who are lawful permanent residents are as likely today (26%) as in 2014 (24%) to say the group's situation in the U.S. has worsened.
These findings emerge from a new, nationally representative bilingual telephone survey of 1,001 Hispanic adults conducted from Dec. 7, 2016, through Jan. 15, 2017, on landline and cellular telephones by SSRS for Pew Research Center. The survey's margin of error for the full sample is plus or minus 3.6 percentage points at the 95% confidence level.
The U.S. Hispanic population stood at 57 million in 2015 and is among the nation's fastest growing groups. It is also a largely U.S.-born population - 66% were born here. Among Hispanics who were born in another country, roughly three-in-ten are lawful permanent residents and about four-in-ten are unauthorized immigrants. (Unauthorized immigrants from Latin America make up 78% of all unauthorized immigrants as well.) At the same time, the group's population growth has slowed in recent years and is now driven more by births in the U.S. than the arrival of new immigrants, driving down the group's foreign-born share in recent years.
Link to the study: http://www.pewhispanic.org/2017/02/23/latinos-and-the-new-trump-administration/